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Who was Lord Baltimore? Part Three.

There were four more Lords Baltimore after Cecilius Calvert: his son Charles, grandson Benedict Leonard, great-grandson Charles, and finally great-great-grandson Frederick Calvert.

The third Lord Baltimore, Charles Calvert, was Catholic and was born and died in England (1637-1714/15). However, he lived for a time in Maryland – in St. Mary’s County. As summarized in the Maryland State Archives, Charles:

“continued his father’s policy of religious toleration, and in particular reached accommodation in the 1680s with the Quakers; fashioned a close circle of political leaders, almost exclusively Catholics, who were usually bound to him by blood kinship or marriage…his struggles with William Penn over the northern boundary of Maryland and attacks against the colony’s charter finally necessitated his return to England in 1684; his deputies lacked Calvert’s ability to defuse attacks and govern smoothly; Calvert lost his colony in the royal settlement following the Glorious Revolution, during which he was charged with outlawry and treason, charges that were later dropped; he made many unsuccessful efforts to regain the colony in the subsequent twenty-five years; he broke off relations with his son Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Lord Baltimore (1679-1715) upon the latter’s conversion to Protestantism.”

Benedict Calvert, fourth Lord Baltimore, was the first to be born in Maryland (1679). He lived in St. Mary’s County as a small child, but returned to England with his father in 1684. Benedict was raised as a Catholic but became a member of the Anglican church in 1713:

“His conversion to Protestantism was an important condition leading to the restoration of the colony to Calvert family as a proprietary colony.”

Clearly, the upheaval of the Protestant Reformation had impacts far from England and outside the Christian churches.

Another Charles Calvert became the fifth Lord Baltimore. He was born in England in 1699 and his parents divorced when he was a child. Like his father Benedict, he was raised a Catholic and later became Anglican.

“Thomas Carlyle (1795—1881) described Calvert “as something of a fool, to judge by the face of him in portraits, and by some of his doings in the world,” but a modern historian credits him as being “a careful and fairly successful administrator.””

Charles held claim to quite a lot of land in the colony of Maryland during his lifetime. As described in the Maryland State Archives:

“Calvert owned all unpatented land in Maryland. He personally owned twenty-one manors in various locations in the colony, plus reserves around each manor to prevent encroachment by patentees. Manor and reserved lands totaled at least 103,000 acres. By 1751 manor lands amounted to ca. 111,500 acres.”

The sixth and final Lord Baltimore was a man named Frederick Calvert. He was raised as an Anglican, born in England, and never crossed the Atlantic to set foot in Maryland. According to the M.S.A.:

“Modern historians have noted that he “took little part in the government of his province” and characterized him as “a dissolute, but generous man.” He was the author of Tour in the East in the Years 1763 and 1764 with Remarks on the City of Constantinople and the Turk. Also Select Pieces of Oriental Wit, Poetry and Wisdom , Gaudia Poetica Latina, Anglica, et Gallica Lingua composita, and Caelestes et Inferi. In 1768 he was tried in England on a charge of raping a young woman, but he was acquitted. Against the wishes of his family, he devised the provice of Maryland to Henry Harford (ca. 1759-1834), subject to the payment of £20,000 to be divided between his sisters, Louisa and Caroline.”

Do you have any additional information about the Lords Baltimore? Email stories@lordbaltimorehotel.com and enlighten us!

Who was Lord Baltimore? Part Two.

Cecilius Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, was the son of the first Lord Baltimore, George Calvert. In 1632, George applied to the English crown for a charter to land along the Chesapeake Bay. Maria Day writes for the Maryland State Archives:

“Cecil (or Cecilius in Latin) Calvert was still a young man of 26 years when his father, George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, died in 1632. Upon his father’s death, Cecil became the Second Baron of Baltimore and inherited the colonies and lands owned by his father. King Charles I had approved a request from George Calvert to establish a colony called the Province of Maryland (“Terra Mariae”) in 1632. But the Calvert family did not receive the Charter of Maryland until after George Calvert died. Now it was up to Cecil Calvert to establish and govern the new colony. Cecil was well educated, but he had did not have his father’s years of experience at governing colonies. No one knew what kind of leader Cecil might turn out to be when the King named him Lord Proprietor of Maryland. But Cecil was a wise leader. He invited sons of Catholic and Protestant families to sail to Maryland and establish the new colony.

Cecil governed Maryland from his home in England, where he lived with his wife Anne Arundell and their children. Cecil was never able to visit his colony because of the social and political problems in England. The English Parliament had so many disagreements with King Charles I during the early seventeenth-century that they fought a civil war against him (1642-1649). The war influenced events in Maryland because the government of England was divided between those supporting the King and those supporting Parliament. Cecil wanted to make sure that the Maryland colony would be protected no matter which side won the civil war. He made friends in Parliament, but he continued to support King Charles I for as long as he could.

Since Cecil was unable to make the journey to Maryland, his brother Leonard went instead. The Maryland State Archives has a brief biography of Leonard:

“Leonard Calvert, Maryland’s first colonial governor, was born in England circa 1606. His father, Sir George Calvert, received the title, Baron of Baltimore, from King James I of England, and thus became the First Lord Baltimore in February, 1625. When George died on April 15, 1632, Leonard’s brother, Cecilius Calvert, succeeded to the title Second Lord Baltimore. Cecilius was granted the Charter of Maryland on June 20, 1632 by King Charles I of England. In 1633, Leonard sailed to Maryland with the first two ships of immigrants, and he became the colony’s first governor. He served until his death on June 11, 1647.”

Cecil’s only surviving son, Charles (described here by the Maryland State Archives) would become the third Lord Baltimore:

“Cecil sent his son, Charles Calvert, to be Maryland’s Governor in 1661. He told his son to keep the Act of Toleration as law for the good of Maryland.2  Freedom of religion was important to help the Maryland colonists to live together in peace.  Cecil died in 1675, after governing Maryland for forty-two years.”

How many counties in Maryland are named after members of the Calvert family? Can you name them all? Send your guesses to stories@lordbaltimorehotel.com and we may share them in a future post.

Who was Lord Baltimore? Part One.

The city of Baltimore was named after the second Lord Baltimore, Cecilius Calvert, son of the first Lord Baltimore, George Calvert. Writing for the Maryland State Archives, Maria Day discusses the life of George Calvert:

“George Calvert was the first person to dream of a colony in America where Catholics and Protestants could prosper together. He was born in Yorkshire, England and studied at Trinity College at Oxford. Sir Robert Cecil, King James I’s Secretary of State, hired Calvert to be his secretary. Sir Robert trusted Calvert as a good advisor. King James I then rewarded him with the title of “Knight” for good service in 1617. Calvert became Sir George Calvert, Secretary of State for King James I.

By the time that King James I died and his son Charles I ruled England, Calvert had distinguished himself as a statesman and loyal subject. He served several terms as a Member of Parliament. King James I, and later his son King Charles I, gave Calvert lands in Ireland and grants of money. Yet George had a problem: he had become a member of the Roman Catholic Church. Catholics were not permitted to hold high offices for the King of England or to be Members of Parliament. In 1625, Calvert announced to James I that he had become a Catholic, and so had to resign his job. But King James I liked Calvert so much that he decided to give him another title. Sir George Calvert then became the First Baron of Baltimore, a town on the southern coast of Ireland.”

George Calvert was given a charter for land in Newfoundland (now a part of Canada) prior to his Maryland land charter. According to the Colony of Avalon historical website,

“In 1620, George Calvert (1579/80-1632) purchased a parcel of land in Newfoundland from Sir William Vaughan. The land extended from just south of Aquaforte to Caplin Bay (now Calvert). The following year, Calvert’s colonists set off for Ferryland under the leadership of governor Captain Edward Wynne. After the colony had been established, Calvert obtained a larger land grant from King James I of England, who awarded him “the Province of Avalon“.”

Day explains that George briefly lived in the Newfoundland Avalon colony, but died before obtaining the Maryland charter. It would be up to his sons to bring the Maryland colony to fruition:

“George Calvert died in 1632, before Charles I had time to approve the charter for his new colony, named Maryland (“Terra Mariae”).  Calvert’s eldest son, Cecil, the Second Lord Baltimore helped to bring his father’s dream colony to life. Another son, Leonard, became Maryland’s First Governor.”

Do you have knowledge about colonial Maryland? Email stories@lordbaltimorehotel.com and share it with us!

What’s happening at the Lord Baltimore Hotel?

Let’s take a break from history and look at what’s going on now at the hotel! There were a couple of notable occurrences in the last week.

First, the Lord Baltimore Hotel has teamed up with another Baltimore company, Classic Catering People. From the hotel’s January 29 press release:

“The historic Lord Baltimore Hotel and The Classic Catering People have announced a unique collaboration in which Classic Catering People will serve as the exclusive caterer for the Lord Baltimore Hotel.

With this collaboration new and previously booked meetings and events at the Lord Baltimore Hotel will be arranged and coordinated by Classic Catering People. This includes large-scale events and celebrations in the Calvert Ballroom, which can accommodate up to 1,200 people for a reception, as well as events in the new 19th Floor roof-top parlors and other function rooms suited for more intimate gatherings.

“The Baltimore community will be the beneficiary of the extraordinary synergy between the Lord Baltimore Hotel and Classic Catering People,” said Gene-Michael Addis, General Manager of the Lord Baltimore Hotel. “This partnership will elevate all events held at the Lord Baltimore Hotel, including those that are already under contract, and will allow our guests to have the extraordinary advantage of a top-notch venue and a premier caterer under one roof.”

A Baltimore company with more than 40 years of experience in the arenas of social and corporate catering, Classic Catering People believes that a passion for food is at the base of every event. Along with talented Account Executives and catering staff, Classic Catering has an accomplished culinary team of inventive chefs that continually craft new menus with traditional and contemporary flavors as well as presentations.

“The Classic family is delighted to partner with the Lord Baltimore Hotel in achieving excellence in event service for its clientele,” said Harriet Dopkin, president and co-owner of The Classic Catering People. “Our company has deep roots in the Baltimore community and shares a similar vision as the Rubell family, the new owners of the hotel, in putting the city’s celebrated assets—such as the Lord Baltimore Hotel—at the forefront, and we look forward to embarking on this exciting new journey.”

Also last week, cast and crew for the HBO series “Veep” were filming at the hotel from Monday to Wednesday. For those who are unfamiliar with the show, here’s the back story from HBO:

“Former Senator Selina Meyer (Julia-Louis Dreyfuss) has accepted the call to serve as Vice-President of the United States. The job is nothing like she imagined and everything she was warned about. Veep follows Meyer and her staff as they attempt to make their mark and leave a lasting legacy, without getting tripped up in the day-to-day political games that define Washington.”

Have you been to a cool event at the Lord Baltimore Hotel recently? Write to stories@lordbaltimorehotel and tell us about it!